ESSENTIAL VITAMINS

Vitamin A (900 mcg): RDA for men ages 19+ is 900 mcg

 

  • https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminA-Consumer/ 
  • Vitamin A is actually a whole group of fat-soluble retinoids. They can either be preformed vitamin A like retinol, or provitamin A carotenoids like beta-carotene.
  • We chose to use beta-carotene because it is said to be safer.
  • Vitamin A is involved in immune function, vision, reproduction, and cellular communication. It also plays a critical role in the normal formation and maintenance of the heart, kidneys and other organs.

 

Vitamin B1 or Thiamin (1.2 mg): RDA for men ages 19+ is 1.2 mg

 

  • https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Thiamin-Consumer/ 
  • Vitamin B1 or Thiamin is a water-soluble vitamin. 
  • It plays a critical role in the process of turning food into energy.
  • It is also involved in the growth, development, and function of your body’s cells.

 

Vitamin B2 or Riboflavin (1.3 mg): RDA for men ages 19+ is 1.3 mg

 

  • https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Riboflavin-Consumer/ 
  • Vitamin B2 or Riboflavin is a water-soluble vitamin.
  • It is an essential component of two major coenzymes in your body and keeps your homocysteine levels in check. 
  • It plays a role in the process of turning your food into energy, and is also involved in the growth, development, and function of your body’s cells.

 

Vitamin B3 or Niacin (16 mg): RDA for men ages 19+ is 16 mg

 

  • https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Niacin-Consumer/ 
  • Vitamin B3 or Niacin is a water-soluble vitamin. 
  • Niacin is converted into the coenzyme nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD), which is needed by over 400 enzymes in your body. NAD can then be converted to the coenzyme nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP)
  • NAD can turn macronutrients into your cell’s energy source, adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and it maintains your genome integrity. NADP enables anabolic reactions and maintains cellular antioxidant function. 

 

Vitamin B5 or Pantothenic Acid (5 mg): AI for men ages 19+ is 5 mg

 

  • https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/PantothenicAcid-Consumer/ 
  • Vitamin B5 or Pantothenic Acid is a water-soluble vitamin.
  • It can be synthesized into coenzyme A (CoA) which is necessary for fatty acid synthesis and degradation.
  • It is necessary for making blood cells and plays a role in the process of turning your food into energy

 

Vitamin B6 (1.3 mg): RDA for men ages 19-50 is 1.3 mg

 

  • https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminB6-Consumer/ 
  • Vitamin B6 is actually a generic name for six different water-soluble vitamers that have vitamin B6 activity. 
  • It is involved in over 100 different enzyme reactions and plays a role in the process of turning your food into energy. 
  • It is also involved in the biosynthesis of neurotransmitters, brain development, immune function, and hemoglobin production. 

 

Vitamin B7 or Biotin (30 mcg): AI for men ages 19+ is 30 mcg

 

  • https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Biotin-Consumer/ 
  • Vitamin B7 or Biotin is a water-soluble vitamin.
  • It plays a role in the process of turning your food into energy, gene regulation, and cell signaling
  • Biotin also keeps your hair, skin, and nails healthy. 

 

Vitamin B9 or Folate (400 mcg): RDA for men ages 19+ is 400 mcg

 

 

- This study shows 5-MTHF improves folate status better than folic acid

 

  • Folate is necessary for your body to make DNA, genetic material, and for your cells to divide properly.

 

Vitamin B12 (2.4 mcg): RDA for men ages 19+ is 2.4 mcg

 

  • https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminB12-Consumer/ 
  • Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin that contains the mineral cobalt. There are several forms with vitamin B12 activity and are collectively called cobalamins.      
  • Many other products like to use high dosages of vitamin B12, but the body can only absorb a few micrograms of it at a time. 
  • Vitamin B12 is required to make red blood cells. It is also involved in neurological function and DNA synthesis. 

 

VITAMIN C (90 MG): RDA FOR MEN AGES 19+ IS 90 MG

 

  • https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminC-Consumer/ 
  • Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin and acts as an antioxidant
  • It is required for the biosynthesis of collagen, carnitine, and some neurotransmitters.
  • It is involved in protein metabolism, wound healing, and immune function by protecting cells from damage caused by free radicals. 

 

VITAMIN D (15 MCG OR 600 IU): RDA FOR MEN AGES 19-70 IS 15 MCG

 

  • https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminD-Consumer/ 
  • Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that the body can also make from the skin being directly exposed to sunlight.
  • It helps the body absorb calcium, maintain calcium stores, and its combination with calcium helps maintain strong bones
  • Vitamin D is a critical part of the immune system, nervous system, and muscular system. It is also involved in glucose metabolism, reducing inflammation, and cell growth.

 

VITAMIN E (15 MG): RDA FOR MEN AGES 19+ IS 15 MG

 

  • https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminE-Consumer/ 
  • Vitamin E is actually a group of eight fat-soluble compounds with distinctive antioxidant activities, but Alpha (α) tocopherol is the only form that meets human requirements.
  • It protects cells from being damaged by free radical and stops the production of ROS when fat undergoes oxidation
  • It plays a role in the immune system, cell signaling, gene expression, and the widening and closing of blood vessels.

 

VITAMIN K (120 MCG): AI FOR MEN AGES 19+ IS 120 MCG

 

 

- This study shows MK-7 is more effective at raising vitamin K serum levels than vitamin K1

 

 

- This study shows MK-7 increases serum vitamin K levels significantly while another menaquinone, MK-4, does not

 

  • Its most important role in the body is that it is needed for blood clotting. It also helps maintain healthy bones
  • PEOPLE ON BLOOD THINNING MEDICATION SHOULD NOT TAKE THIS PRODUCT WITHOUT SPEAKING TO THEIR DOCTOR FIRST!

 

CHOLINE (550 MG): AI FOR MEN AGES 19+ IS 550 MG

 

  • https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Choline-Consumer/ 
  • Choline is an essential nutrient that is a little different because it is not classified as a vitamin or a mineral. However, it has similarities to B-vitamins and is absolutely vital
  • It is needed to synthesize phospholipids for cell membranes. Without it, your cells would fall apart
  • Choline is also needed to produce some neurotransmitters and plays a role in brain development, memory, and muscle control.