THERE CAN ONLY BE 1 TRUE PINNACLE
There's a million pre-workouts out there, why is this one called The Pinnacle Pre-Workout? We're glad you asked!
There are 3 main features that we do better than anybody else.
1. Blood Flow - We Raise Nitric Oxide Levels for Insane Pumps
2. Brain Cognition - We Massively Boost your Mood, Focus, and Concentration
3. Hydration - We provide an Industry-Leading amount of Electrolytes
And we do it all with ZERO Stimulants, Creatine, or Beta-Alanine. So for those of you who do not like any of those ingredients, then this is perfect product for you!
But if you are a fan of any one or all of those 3 ingredients, then we do offer them alongside our product!
We do this so that if you do want to include any of these ingredients, then you can personalize your dosage to create your own customized Pre-Workout!
So if you want to take 200 mg of Caffeine, 3.6 grams of Beta-Alanine, and 5 grams of Creatine, then you can easily add that to our Pinnacle Pre-Workout and mix it all up together. Don't worry, it won't change the amazing taste :)
If those 3 ingredients don't interest you, then this base formula can actually serve a variety of purposes. The name of the bottle is The Pinnacle Pre-Workout, but you could also take it if you are trying to solve any one of the 3 main problems we have a solution for.
You can call it The Pinnacle Blood Flow Support Agent if you simply want to improve your blood circulation or cardiovascular health parameters.
You can call it The Pinnacle Brain Nootropic if you just want to improve your brain health, cognition, and mind.
You can call it The Pinnacle Electrolyte Mix if you simply need more electrolytes for your workout.
The reason it can have all of these different names is because we have the ultimate ingredient profile for all 3 of those categories.
What are the ingredients that make up the base formula though?
We have 9.2 grams of ingredients for Blood Flow.
L-Citrulline (6,000 mg) - This amino acid is well-known for increasing nitric oxide production. Studies on exercise performance have traditionally used 8 grams of Citrulline Malate, which provides 4-6 grams of actual L-Citrulline. This is why we have chosen to use 6 grams of actual L-Citrulline. This dosage has been shown to improve exercise performance in both trained and untrained males and females. (1,2,3,4) These studies showed improvements in weightlifting performance, strength, and power. On a separate note, this dosage has also been shown to help with blood pressure. (5) Plus, it's been shown to be synergistic with at least 520 mg of nitrates for exercise performance and blood pressure. (6) (We include 800 mg of nitrates in this formula as you'll see below.)
Pink Himalayan Salt (1,605 mg) - Salt, really? Yes, it is probably the most underrated workout ingredient! We'll discuss its importance more in the Electrolyte section down below, but salt also greatly helps your muscles get more blood flow. It does this by driving more water and fluid into your blood system, which helps to pump up your muscles.
Potassium Nitrate (1,310 mg) - This compound is about 61.3% Nitrate and 38.7% Potassium. This means we provide you with roughly 800 mg of Nitrate and 510 mg of Potassium. Nitrates are vasodilaters, meaning they widen blood vessels to improve blood flow. Nitrates up to this dosage level have been used in countless studies to demonstrate their benefit on exercise performance and endurance in both trained and untrained people. (7,8,9,10)
Grape Seed Extract (300 mg as 95% Polyphenols) - This formula could not be complete without the addition of Polyphenols. These natural compounds found in thousands of different plants are responsible for many of their cardiovascular and blood flow benefits. There are many different Polyphenols, like anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins, and they work by relaxing blood vessels to allow more blood to move throughout your body. We chose Grape Seed Extract out of all the different plants available because we were able to get a very high extract of Polyphenols from it, 95%, and because it's been studied on its own. 300 mg has been shown to improve blood vessel function, cardiac output, and blood pressure during exercise. (11)
Vitamin C (600 mg) - Although we do not count this essential vitamin as an actual blood flow ingredient, we included in our formula for 2 main reasons. One, it works alongside the blood flow ingredients listed above. This is because it can increase Nitric Oxide bioavailability by increasing nitric oxide synthase enzyme activity. Meaning it can make the effects of our blood flow ingredients last longer! Two, it has a very well-known immune system benefit, especially for athletes. We chose this dosage because 600 mg has demonstrated these effects by decreasing upper-respiratory-tract infections in marathon runners. (12) Our Pinnacle Men's and Women's Multis already include the 100% RDA value for Vitamin C, but a little extra can be beneficial to people who workout regularly.
We have 4.2 grams of ingredients for Brain Cognition.
L-Tyrosine (2,000 mg) - This amino acid is well-researched for its cognitive benefits at this dosage. 2 grams has been shown to improve specific cognitive markers like working memory, information processing, and cognitive flexibility. (13,14) Tyrosine's cognitive benefits are even supported by a meta-analysis. (15) But how does it actually work? It increases the levels of several neurotransmitters in the brain such as dopamine, adrenaline and norepinephrine. This is why it will be playing a large role in the increased mood, focus, and concentration you feel from this product.
L-Alpha GPC (1,200 mg as 50%) - This ingredient is a fancy way of supplementing the essential nutrient Choline. The reason we include this over regular Choline is because it's been more studied for exercise specific purposes. It's also been shown to increase plasma choline levels more so than the other fancy form of Choline on the market, CDP-Choline. (16) Alpha-GPC is going to light up your brain by increasing the release of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. This cognitive surge is the main reason why it has been shown to improve power, reaction time, mood, and decrease fatigue. (17) This will also have a compounding beneficial effect with our Pinnacle Men's and Women's Multis that already have the 100% RDA value for Choline.
L-Taurine (1,000 mg) - Taurine is one of the most abundant amino acids in the brain. It serves many different roles, and the role it plays can actually change over your lifespan. It has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and cytoprotection activity while acting as a neuromodulator. This all leads to some amazing cognitive enhancements and translates over to clinical studies. Up to 1,000 mg has demonstrated it's beneficial effects by improving athletic performance and mood. (18,19)
B-Vitamins (100% DV) - We provide the 100% Daily Value of 6 B-Vitamins: Vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, and B12. Why? Because B-Vitamins play a large role in the production of neurotransmitters that we were targeting with the ingredients above like dopamine, adrenaline, norepinephrine, and acetylcholine. We already provide all of these B-Vitamins in our Pinnacle Men's and Women's Multis at their 100% RDA value, but a little extra can be beneficial for producing the neurotransmitters you want to increase for better mood, focus, and concentration.
We have an industry-leading 2.2 grams of Electrolytes for Hydration.
Electrolyte drinks, powders, squeezes, gummies, etc. have been souring in popularity. This makes sense because your hydration during a workout is very important. However, the actual number and variety of electrolytes top selling brands provide you with is pretty lackluster. This is why we wanted to make our electrolyte section an emphasis in this product.
We provide you with the 6 core electrolytes at solid dosages your body will use to hydrate itself during your sweaty workout. If you believe there is better electrolyte formula on the market, we would love to see it.
Chloride (965 mg) - from Pink Himalayan Salt
Potassium (510 mg) - from Potassium Nitrate
Calcium (120 mg) - as Citrate
Magnesium (21 mg) - as Citrate
Zinc (1.1 mg) - as Picolinate
Now some of you may jump in terror from the sodium dosage, which is why we would like to explain why we included the amount of salt that we did. Salt is a very necessary ingredient not only to survive, but for your body to thrive. The sodium and chloride it provides are essential for fluid balance, nerve function, and muscle function. However, we as a society in general have become scared of salt.
If your doctor has told you that you have a valid reason to limit your salt, then we obviously would recommend that you listen. But for those of you who are working out and sweating regularly, then we would actually be more concerned you are not getting enough salt. It's an undeniable fact that people who workout need a lot more salt than people who do not workout. (20) And when you do replace your salt intake as an athlete, it's been demonstrated to greatly enhance your athletic performance. (21) The science is there, and a lot of us need to stop fearing salt.
Sodium, Chloride, and the other electrolytes Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, and Zinc are lost during your sweat when you exercise. This infographic shows just how much of Sodium, Chloride, Potassium, Calcium, and Magnesium you may be losing in your workout. (22) Hopefully you notice just how much Sodium and Chloride you lose in your sweat and realize that you may need to be replacing even more Salt than we provided in this formula. This study also demonstrates that you lose just under 10% of the RDA value for Zinc in your sweat from a 2 hour workout, which equates to about 1 mg. (23)
Your body needs electrolytes to be able to perform at it's best, and we are happy to provide you with the necessary amounts.